Finance is the management of money, which includes things like investing, borrowing, lending, making a budget, saving, and planning for the future. There are three main types of finances:
(1) personal, (2) corporate, and (3) public/government. What is finance? This guide will answer that question.
The best way to explain what finance is is to give examples of what it is. There are a lot of different ways to make a living and jobs that cover a wide range of financial tasks. Here’s a list of some of the most common ones:
Putting personal money into stocks, bonds, or GICs (GICs)
A public company can borrow money from institutional investors by issuing bonds.
Giving people money to buy a house by giving them a mortgage
Using Excel spreadsheets to build a company’s budget and financial model
Putting money aside in an account with a high interest rate
Making a plan for how much the government will spend and how much money it will take in
People in the financial industry are interested in a wide range of things. Here is a list of some of the most common topics you might hear about in the industry.
Rates of interest and “spreads”
Yield (coupon payments, dividends) (coupon payments, dividends)
Financial statements (balance sheet, income statement, cash flow statement)
Money flows (free cash flow, other types of cash flow)
Profit (net income) (net income)
The price of money (WACC)
Interest rates (IRR, ROI, ROA)
Return of capital and dividends
Risk and return
A description of finance wouldn’t be complete without talking about the jobs that are available in the field.
Also Read: Beginners Trading Tips
Here are some of the most common ways to get a job:
Banking for business
Personal banking (or private banking)
How to handle money
Finance for companies
Mortgages / lending
Planning for money
Audit Research on Stocks and Insurance
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